McKenney & Hall. “Foke-Luste-Hajo, A Seminole,” 1842 [Horan 259].
Folio edition. Lithograph with exquisite bright original hand color.
Sheet size: 19 3/4 x 14". Very light transference of text from preceding page. Overall, excellent.
About the Seminole, James Horan wrote:
“It was April 22, 1835,
and General Wiley Thompson, agent for the Seminole in the Florida
territory, was reading a presidential message to the seven hundred
warriors who had gathered to protest the treaty of Payne's Landing,
Fort Gibson. . . . Indian commissioners under pressure from
Washington had forced a handful of chiefs to sign the Payne's
Landing treaty and yield up their lands in return for territory
across the Mississippi. . . . Prior to the Payne's Landing Council
in 1833, the Seminole had agreed to send seven chiefs to inspect the
western land offered by the United States. . . . [General James
Gadsden told the secretary of war that] ‘the final
ratification of the treaty will depend upon the opinion of the seven
chiefs. . . .’ Gadsden and his agents carefully selected
chiefs they knew could be bribed or who would bend under pressure.
One, a distinguished war captain, was Foke Luste Hajo, whose name
meant Black Dirt. The seven chiefs returned to Payne's Landing . . .
, but, instead of reporting back to the council of their people,
were persuaded to sign the treaty that doomed their nation. . . . As
McKenney had predicted, the Seminole War broke out. After the 1835
council Foke Luste Hajo received his death sentence . . . , [and]
the Seminole chief fled to Fort Brooke where he and his followers
sat out the war.”
Ref.: James D.
Horan, The McKenney-Hall Portrait Gallery of American Indians
(New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1972), no. 258.