Thomas Lorraine McKenney and James Hall.
“Itcho-Tustinnuggee, A Seminole
Chief,” (1836-1844). Folio lithograph with original hand color, after a painting by Charles Bird King. Image: 14 3/4 x 10 3/4". Framed in handsome black molding, 22 3/8 x 17 3/8". Very good (by sight).
James Horan’s biography of
“In the fall of 1823, two years after Florida came into the possession of the United States, a
treaty was signed by three Indian commissioners from Washington with
the Florida tribes. . . . The Seminole were outraged when they
discovered that they were now confined within certain boundaries,
whereas in the past they had roamed and hunted where they pleased. .
. . It took two more years, but in 1826 more land was given to the
Seminole. Then the United States followed its classic pattern in
dealing with Indian nations: in 1832, a small group of chiefs was
persuaded to sign the Payne's Landing Treaty, thus yielding up to
the United States the very lands given to them by the government. .
. . The Seminole War broke out after Osceola denounced the chiefs
and warned that anyone who sold Seminole land would die. ‘Itcho
means deer and Tustennuggee, warrior, so he is therefore known by
the English name of Deer Warrior,’ McKenney wrote in 1835. ‘He
was doubtless famous when young for killing deer, and no doubt owes
his name to killing deer. He is a partisan chief. One who hunts of
choice, but fights when he is called upon to do so.’”
Ref.: James D. Horan, The McKenney-Hall Portrait Gallery of American Indians
(New York: Crown Publishers, Inc., 1972), no. 250.