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2006 Catalog > Isaak Tirion, Nieuwe Mexico

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13. Isaak Tirion. “Kaarte van het Westelyk Gedeelte van Nieuwe Mexico en van Califonia Volgens de laatste Ontdekkingen der Jesuiten en anderen [Map of the Western Portions of New Mexico and of California according to the Latest Discoveries of the Jesuits and Others]” (Amsterdam: Isaak Tirion, 1765). Double-page copperplate engraving with full original pastel hand color (greens nicely oxidized on verso). 12 3/4 x 13 1/2" at neat line with wide margins. Sheet size: 16 1/2 x 20". Superb condition with beautiful engraved lettering and gorgeous color.

Price: SOLD.

By the 1760s, Spain had established colonies in present-day Mexico and New Mexico, and her explorers had ventured as far as north as the quasi-mythical “Quivira,” located in what is now Kansas. However, exploration along the California coast had been minimal. Tirion's Dutch map of 1765 shows the state of Spain's western territories at the middle of the pivotal eighteenth century, before the systematic exploration of the California coast had begun. The map focuses on the major inroads that the Jesuit missionaries made in what is now northern Mexico, southern Arizona, and the Baja. The geography of the peninsula depends, of course, on Pere Kino's seminal maps of 1695–96, 1701, 1702, and 1705, which proved that California was not an island. But there is also much added detail supplied from later Jesuit sources, especially settlement detail of the Baja to its tip and its surrounding islands. A beautiful strike of this important map of the area, just before the Spanish conclusively claimed the California coast.

Refs.: Burrus, Kino and the Cartography of Northwestern New Spain, p. 47 (sequence of Kino maps); Wagner, Cartography of the Northwest Coast of America, 608; Wheat, Transmississippi West, vol. 1, no. 148.

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