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2006 Catalog > J. A. Dezauche, Etats Unise d’Amérique

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An Early Naming of the United States of America

15. J. A. Dezauche. “Carte du Mexique et des Etats Unise d’Amérique, Partie Méridionale” (Paris: Chez Dezauche Rue des Noyes, 1783). Published in Atlas Géographique des quatre parties du monde par Guillaume De L’Ilse et Phil. Buache. Copperplate engraving with fine original outline hand color. 18 1/2 x 25 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 20 x 26 3/4". Two short repaired marginal tears near bottom centerfold; minor surface soiling. Fine condition.

Price: SOLD.

This is the last of the six known states that Tooley identifies of Delisle’s landmark map of 1703, which covers most of the United States, Mexico, and Central America. Newly updated by Dezauche in 1783, the map’s significance lies in Dezauche’s alteration of the title to include “Etats Unis” and in his labeling of the same on the map, making this one of the earliest (if not the earliest) maps to identify the United States. The new country extends westward to the Mississippi and shows the large horizontal states of Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia. Florida is an archipelago, and latter-day Texas is separately outlined as a Spanish possession. Dezauche also added a legend and color-coding to show the colonial possessions of England, France, Spain, and the United States. Dezauche was the son-in-law of Buache and the successor to the Delisle business. In the tradition of the Delisle firm, the engraving is bold and strong, and the details of towns, forts, Indian villages, and physical features are excellent. Dezauche’s edition of Delisle’s seminal map is highly desirable—and remarkably up to date in its recognition of the United States as the Articles of Confederation were ratified only two years prior to the date of the map.

Refs.: Lowery, 655; Sellers and Van Ee, Maps and Charts of North America, 184; Tooley, “French Mapping of the Americas,” in Mapping of America, p. 23, no. 53.

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