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2006 Catalog > Carl Flemming, Texas

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The Scarce “German Arrowsmith”

31. Carl Flemming. “Texas” (Golgau: Druck und Verlag von C. Flemming, 1842–1853). Lithograph with fine original outline hand color. 15 1/2 x 12 1/2" at neat line. Sheet: 17 3/8 x 14 3/8". Superb condition.

Price: SOLD.

Carl Flemming issued his 1842 German edition of the famous 1841 Arrowsmith map on a reduced scale for dissemination among the many potential German immigrants to Texas in the mid-1800s. He retained Arrowsmith’s sprawling Republic of Texas boundaries through subsequent editions of his map despite the fact that the boundary changed with the Compromise of 1850. Martin and Martin indicate that Arrowsmith’s 1841 map was probably the first to show the full extent of Texas's claim to the upper Rio Grande, the northern border of which ended at the Arkansas River. Flemming’s continental version has the distinction of being among the last maps showing the extended Republic boundary. The famous boundary and thirty counties are all outlined in fine original color. A key at the upper right identifies the counties by name, and, following the Arrowsmith model, there is an inset plan of Galveston Bay at the lower left. This map is known to have been published up to 1853 without changes.

Refs.: Day and Dunlap, Texas State Archives, no. 1457; Martin and Martin, Maps of Texas and the Southwest, no. 32 (1841 Arrowsmith).

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