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2006 Catalog > S. A. Mitchell, Oregon, California & New Mexico

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42. S. A. Mitchell. “Oregon, Upper California & New Mexico” (Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849 [1845]). Published in A New Universal Atlas (1849 edition). Lithograph with gorgeous full and outline hand color. 16 1/4 x 12 5/8" at twisted-rope border. Sheet 17 1/4 x 13 5/8". Some slight edge darkening. A very fresh and bright example.

Price: SOLD.

The first map of the West to appear in an American atlas, Mitchell’s beautiful production is also considered the best atlas map of the region. As a result, it has become the most sought-after atlas map of the West for the period. Mitchell originally issued it in his famous New Universal Atlas of 1845. This 1849 edition of the map represents its first significant update, most noticeable in its new references to the Gold Rush. The words “Gold Region” have been added on the 1845 plate in a large area of “Upper or New California” now colored a bright yellow. Overland trails are indicated in red, e.g., the Oregon Route, the “Spanish Trail from P. Angelos to Santa Fe.” The Great American Desert between Salt Lake and Sacramento City shows the most remarkable cartographic transformation: mountain ranges have been added where none existed before. The map includes the locations of Indian tribes, early settlements, and mining claims. This is a highly important map, especially for collectors of the Gold Rush era, Californiana, and the settlement of the West.

Refs.: Phillips, Atlases, 797; Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West, vol. III, no. 630.

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