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2006 Catalog > Allen Anderson / James H. Carleton, New Mexico

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The Best Civil War Map of New Mexico
“Anderson’s map is a landmark . . .
far too complex for a catalogue of its detail.”

— Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West

52. Allen Anderson / James H. Carleton, “Map of the Military Department of New Mexico” (New York: Julius Bien & Co. Lith., 1894 [1864]). Published as plate XCVII in Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1861–1865 edited by David D. Cowles (1891–1895). Double-page, four-color lithograph with excellent original color. 16 1/4 x 27 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 18 1/2 x 29 1/4" with full margins. Three small insets at right: “Battle of Chickamauga, GA., Sept. 18–19 and 20, 1863”; “Skirmish . . . at Dardanelle, Ark., January 14, 1865”; “Battlefield of Shiloh, Tenn., on Sunday, April 6, 1862.” Marginal splits at top and bottom of centerfold; one short tear in left margin. Else, fine.

Price: SOLD.

An extremely important document of the Civil War in New Mexico and Arizona, the present map exists in different forms—an 1864 manuscript by Allen Anderson, a contemporary (1864) lithographed copy of the manuscript, and the lithographic version offered here, which was published in the Atlas to Accompany the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies of 1891–1895. Writes Wheat about the map: “The last of our Army productions of 1864 is a map of the old school, worthy of the best traditions of Army cartography. . . . With his ‘California Column,’ [General James H.] Carleton had marched to New Mexico in the summer of 1862 to drive out Texan invaders. . . . Carleton took a firm military grip upon New Mexico and northern Texas, as far down as El Paso, but effectively ended the Civil War in these parts. . . . The map Anderson drew, the greatest military map to come out of the Southwest during the Civil War, reflects much of Carleton’s varied activity. Notable geographic advances are to be seen in Arizona and New Mexico and adjacent parts of Texas, Sonora, and Chihuahua, reflecting the march of military columns through the country in all directions. . . . The new Arizona mining economy is symbolized by the appearance of Prescott in the mountainous center of the Territory.” Lithographic effects are used to great advantage: Union army positions are shown in blue and Confederate positions in red; topography is rendered in sepia. The three insets of battlefields are sepia-toned lithographs made from actual photographs. The maps shows settlements, trails and routes of reconnoitering parties, military posts, and Indian tribes. An essential map for collectors of the Civil War.

Refs.: Howes, C816; Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West, vol. V, pp. 127–128, no. 1090 (manuscript).

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