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2007 Catalog > 32. Steptoe, Map from Salt Lake City, Utah to the Bay of San Francisco.

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32. Edward J. Steptoe. “Map showing the different routes travelled over by the Detachments of the overland Command in the Spring of 1855 from Salt Lake City, Utah to the Bay of San Francisco” (New York: Ackerman Lith., 1855). Published in Report of Captain Rufus Ingalls of the march of Colonel Steptoe from Fort Leavenworth to California (Senate Ex. Doc. No. 1, 34th Cong., 1st sess., 1855–1856). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 22 x 18 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 24 7/8 x 19 3/8" at binding tab. Minor toning along old folds; repaired split at top margin. Excellent.

Price: SOLD.

Wheat calls this uncommon map of the Great Basin “one of the most interesting maps of the West” and “a document of first quality, showing, as it does so well, three important routes” from Salt Lake City to California. Three Army detachments set out in 1855 with the intention of finding shorter and less rugged routes for emigrants and mail carriers heading to the West Coast. The command route, led by Colonel E. J. Steptoe, followed the Humboldt and Carson Rivers and then crossed the Sierra to Sacramento and Benicia. Captain Rufus Ingalls commanded a second attachment over the usual route to the Great Salt Lake and down the Humboldt, but then bore northwest into southern Oregon and finally south to Sacramento. The third attachment under Lieutenant Sylvester Mowry (later the first Congressional delegate from Arizona Territory) went south past the Mormon settlements of Provo and Nephi, came near the site of the Gunnison massacre, and arrived at Las Vegas, at the time a small Mormon Indian mission. From there, Mowry crossed the desert, skirted north of the San Gabriel mountains, and eventually reached Ft. Tejon via Cajon Pass, a tiny Los Angeles, and Tejon Pass. The map presents wonderful details of these routes, including mountains, rivers, lakes, towns, and forts, and it is especially fine for the Mormon settlements and for early California.

Refs.: Wagner-Camp, 256; Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West, vol. IV, pp. 29–31, no. 868.

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