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2007 Catalog > 57. Eckhoff & Reicker, Official Map of the Territory of Arizona.


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An Outstanding Map of Arizona Territory

Perhaps the largest scale map of the territory that has been published.”
— Thomas W. Streeter

57. Emil A. Eckhoff and Paul P. Reicker. “Official Map of the Territory of Arizona Compiled from Surveys, Reconnaissances and Other Sources” (New York: The Graphic Co. Photo-Lith., 1880). Folding case map dissected and laid on linen. Two-color lithograph with original outline hand color. Outlines color-coded to designate county borders, mining districts, Indian reservations, and U.S. military telegraph lines. 32 1/4 x 27 3/4" at neat line. Full sheet: 38 x 29". Map surmounted by an eagle with “Territory of Arizona” banner in its beak. In original, embossed, brown cloth folder with title stamped in gilt. Printed territorial seal, lower left, and facsimile inscription and signature of Governor J. C. Frémont. Marvelous decorative Victorian typeface for the title. Some insignificant soiling of linen on verso, otherwise mint condition.

Price: SOLD.

This extraordinary map of Arizona Territory on a graphic scale of about 13 miles to the inch is, as Streeter notes, “an excellent large scale map of Arizona as it was at about 1880, when the total population of the Territory was only 40,000 and the Southern Pacific had been built to the east only as far as Tucson. It is perhaps the largest scale map of the Territory which has been published.” Rumsey calls it “one of the best maps of Arizona as a territory.”

Drawn by the civil engineers Eckhoff and Reicker in 1880, the map documents the flourishing mining industry that brought throngs of prospectors into the territory with the discovery of silver at Tombstone in 1877. Likely the map was produced to accommodate the miners, settlers, ranchers, and investors who were pouring into the region in the early 1880s. The silver bonanza stimulated large eastern and foreign capital investments in Arizona, and the Southern Pacific Railroad laid track from Yuma through Tucson to El Paso. Despite such “civilizing” elements as the coming of the railroad, the spread of banking, and the beginning of a prosperous livestock industry, the territory in 1880 still had a reputation for lawlessness. Tombstone, for example, was the location of the famous gunfight at the O.K. Corral in 1881. Eckhoff and Reicker’s map captures this period of transition in the history of Arizona.

The map is elegant, highly professional, and extremely detailed. Color is well used to indicate mining districts, which are quite prominent in the lower half of Arizona, and Indian reservations. Topography is well rendered, and railroads, roads, natural resources, towns, settlements, ranchos, forts, and mountains and their elevations are recorded. The Grand Canyon is shown in considerable detail. Below the neat line there is a scale of miles, an impressive list of authorities, and a note about distances.

This is the finest separately issued map of Arizona Territory ever produced.

Refs.: Graff, 1204; Phillips, Maps, p. 123; Rumsey, list no. 2980; Streeter, vol. I, no. 526.

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