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2007 Catalog > 76. Dixon, Map Showing the Routes travelled by the Command of Majr. E. Steen.

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75. Joseph Dixon. “Map Showing the Routes travelled by the Command of Majr. E. Steen, U.S. Drags. against the Snake Indians in 1860” (New York: J. Bien & Co., 1860). Published in Topographical Memoir of the Command Against the Snake Indians, under Major E. Steen, United States Dragoons, in the summer of 1860 (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 37th Cong., 2nd sess.). Lithographed folding map in black and white as issued. 23 3/4 x 33 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 27 1/4 x 36". Minor toning along old folds; a couple of faint spots; several repaired fold splits; left margin unevenly trimmed at binding tab. Overall, excellent.

Price: SOLD

This large and detailed map shows all of Oregon east of the Cascades. Major Enoch Steen, commander of the U.S. Dragoons, was sent to the area in 1860 to determine the feasibility of routes from the Willamette Valley to southeastern Oregon. However, Steen's historical fame rests on his pursuit, during the expedition, of Paiute (Snake) Indians up the Donner and Blitzen River and into the rough Wildhorse Canyon. According to Wheat, “this was a decisive campaign; the Snakes were defeated and their movements rigorously curtailed.”

Steen’s report to the Senate of his explorations in Oregon contained the present map by Joseph Dixon. The map depicts the area from Fort Boise on the Snake River west to Fort Vancouver on the Columbia River. It details the routes of Steen and several scouts against the Snake Indians, as well as showing the Oregon Trail (“Emigrant Road”), the proposed route to “Eugene City,” Indian trails, camps, battlegrounds, forts, astronomical stations, topography, and rivers, and it notes several large unexplored regions of the Blue Mountains.

An excellent mid-nineteenth-century map of Oregon, called “extensive and well-made” by Wheat.

Ref.: Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West, vol. IV, no. 1016, p. 187.

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