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“ON TO CALIFORNIA”

2007 Catalogue

Featuring expedition and survey maps of the West, with an unusual selection of maps by the Topographical Engineers

“No other group of comparable size contributed so much to the exploration and development of the American West.”
— William H. Goetzman, Army Exploration in the American West

Throughout the years between the Mexican War and the Civil War, the Bureau of Topographical Engineers was constantly engaged in the exploration of the West. The acquisition of the vast Southwest from Mexico, as a result of the war, and the settlement of the Oregon controversy with Great Britain opened up the Far West to greatly expanded military operations. The Corps of Topographical Engineers was created by a government act of July 1838, and its officers were soon thereafter directed to newly created Departments of Oregon, California, New Mexico, and Texas. The “topogs,” as they are known, constituted a small but highly signficant branch of the Army. Somewhat unsung for their contributions to the settlement of the nation, the Corps was nonethelss, as Goetzmann writes, “a central institution of Manifest Destiny, and in the years before the Civil War its officers made explorations which resulted in the first scientific mapping of the United States.” Offered throughout the catalogue is a fascinating selection of maps by the men who “filled in the blanks” of the Transmississippi West.

Click each map to see a larger, more detailed version.


The Participation in the Mexican War (Items 1–4)


1. George W. Hughes / Lorenzo Sitgreaves / William B. Franklin. “Map Showing the Line of March of the Centre Division, Army of Mexico, under the Command of Brigr. Genl. John E. Wool, from San Antonio de Bexar, Texas, to Saltillo, Mexico” (Washington, D.C.: 1846). Published in Report of the Secretary of War, Communicating a Map Showing the Operations of the Army of the United States in Texas and the Adjacent Mexican States on the Rio Grande (Washington, D.C.: Senate Ex. Doc. No. 32, 31st Congress, 1st sess., 1850). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 19 x 18" at neat line. Sheet size: 24 x 18 3/4". Light scattered spotting; minor chipping to u. l. margin where formerly attached to report; left margin trimmed close. Overall, very good condition.

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2. William H. Emory “Military Reconnaissance of the Arkansas, Rio Del Norte and Rio Gila” (Baltimore: E. Weber & Co., 1847). Published in Notes of a Military Reconnoissance (Washington: Wendall and Van Benthuysen, Printers, 1848 [Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 7, 30th Cong., 1st sess.]). Lithographed folding map in black and white, printed on three sheets and joined as issued. 30 x 67" at neat line. Sheet size: 31 3/4 x 70 1/2". Old repaired split along central horizontal fold; a few repaired corner splits; intermittent creasing. Excellent overall, especially considering the size of the map.

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3. J. D. Webster / T. E. Mullomny / J. J. Abert. “Map of the Country Adjacent to the Left Bank of the Rio Grande below Matamoros” (New York: Ackerman’s Lith., 1847). Published in Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 65, 31st Congress, 1st sess. Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 25 1/2 x 19" at neat line. Sheet: 27 1/4 x 21 7/8". Old folds visible and several areas of faint transference. Else, a fine example.

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4. Martin L. Smith and Edmund L. F. Hardcastle. “Map of the Valley of Mexico with a Plan of the Defenses of the Capital and of the Line of Operations of the United States Army under Major General Scott” (New York: J & D Major’s, Lith., 1847). Published in Report of the Secretary of War, communicating, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, a map of the valley of Mexico, from the surveys by Lieutenants Smith and Hardcastle (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 11, 31st Congress, 1st sess., 1850). Bound into the report. 26 x 19 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 28 x 20 3/4". Map has overall toning; several splits at old folds and corners; several marginal losses along left where attached to report. Map is very good; report is excellent.

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Explorations in the New World and the American West (Items 5–17)


5. Abraham Ortelius. “La Florida / Auctore Hieron. Chiaues” with “Gvastecan” and “Pervviae” Abraham Ortelius / Mendoza / Chaves. “Pervviae Avriferae Regionis Typus / La Florida / Gvastecan” (Antwerp: 1598 [1595]). French edition with a signature “9.” Published in Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Copperplate engraving with full bright old hand color. Three maps on one plate: “Peru” (13 1/4 x 8 3/4"); “Florida” (6 x 8 3/4"); “Guasteca” (6 7/8 x 8 5/8"). Sheet size: 16 x 21 1/2" with full margins. French text on verso with several old manuscript notes in ink. Minor scattered spotting and toning; a couple of wormholes; bottom of sheet remargined. Overall, excellent condition with handsome color.

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Sanson’s Landmark Map of Insular California and the Southwest

6. Nicholas Sanson d’Abbeville. “Le Nouveau Mexique et La Floride: Tirees de diverses Cartes, et Relations” (Paris: Chez Pierre Mariette, 1656). First state with the imprint Chez Pierre Mariette, Rue S. Iaque . . . 1656. Copperplate engraving with fine original hand color. 12 1/4 x 21 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 15 x 22 1/4" with full margins. A few faint spots and very minor toning. Overall a superb example with fine original hand color.

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“Humboldt’s maps, for their period, were achievements of the first rank.”
— Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West

7. Alexander von Humboldt / J. B. Poirson. “Carte du Mexique et des Pays Limitrophes situés au Nord et à l’est Dressée d’après la Grande Carte de la Nouvelle-Espagne . . . de Mr. A. de Humboldt et d’autres Matériaux par J. B. Poirson” (Paris: chez F. Schoell, Libraire, 1811). First French edition, but separately issued as a case map. Double-page copperplate engraving in black and white, as issued. Dissected and laid on linen. 16 1/2 x 28 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 19 1/2 x 31". Minor transference and surface soiling. Overall a fine, strong impression.

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8. Matthew Carey. “Mexico or New Spain” (Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1814). Published in Carey's General Atlas, Improved and Enlarged. Copperplate engraving with fine, bright, original outline hand color. 17 x 15" at neat line. Sheet size: 20 1/2 x 16 1/2". Very slight surface soiling. Excellent color and condition.

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The True First Appearance of Long’s Seminal Map of the Transmississippi West

9. Henry Charles Carey & Isaac Lea / Stephen H. Long. “Map of Arkansa and other Territories of the United States [Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Map of Arkansas Territory]” (Philadelphia: Carey & Lee, 1822). First edition. Published in A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. Double-page copperplate engraving with fine, bright original hand color; Arkansas in yellow. 14 1/2 x 14 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 17 1/2 x 21 3/4" including letterpress text panels flanking the map, which present statistical information about the territory. Some transference in several areas; minor toning at sheet edges. Overall excellent with bright pastel color.

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10. Enoch Steen. [Untitled Map of the Western Territory to the Rocky Mountains] (Washington, D.C.: 1836). Published in Gaines Pierce Kingsbury, Journal of the March of a detachment of dragoons, under the command of Colonel Dodge, during the summer of 1835. In report of the Secretary of War, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate . . . dated Feb. 27, 1836 (Sen. Ex. Doc. 209, 24th Cong., 1st sess., p. 38; House issue, p. 37). Copperplate engraving with fine, bright original outline hand color. 19 x 34 3/4" at neat line with good full margins. Sheet size: 22 1/2 x 36". Old folds visible; minor darkening at some folds. Superb condition for this elusive map.

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11. Washington Hood. "Map Illustrating the Plan of the Defences of the Western and North-Western Frontier, as proposed by the Hon. J. R. Poinsett, Sec. of War, in his report of Dec. 30, 1837" (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 65, 25th Cong., 2nd sess., 1838). Published in Report from the Secretary of War. In Compliance with a Resolution of the Senate of the 14th of October, 1837, in Relation to the Protection of the Western Frontier of the United States. Folding lithograph, black and white as issued. 21 1/2 x 15 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 1/2 x 17". Light scattered spotting; otherwise, a fine example of this difficult-to-find map.

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12. Rev. Samuel Parker. Journal of an Exploring Tour Beyond the Rocky Mountains . . . containing a Description of the Geography, Geology, Climate, Productions of the Country, and the Number, Manners, and Customs of the Natives: with a Map of Oregon Territory (Ithaca, New York: Published by the Author; printed by Mack, Andrus & Woodruff, 1840). Second edition. 8vo brown-cloth and blind stamped covers with gilt spine title. Repaired front hinge; evidence of moisture damage to covers. Foxing on front and back endpapers. Intermittent foxing throughout book, but not obscuring the text. A previous owner’s signature in ink on front flyleaf. One engraved plate. Contains folding frontis “Map of Oregon Territory” (Utica: M. M. Peabody, 1838). Copperplate engraving, black and white as issued. 14 x 20 3/4" at neat line with right margin close where formerly bound into book. Sheet size: 15 x 21 1/2". Map has light scattered foxing. Overall, very good for this important map, which is often missing, and the fascinating text.

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“Nicollet’s map initiated the scientific mapping of the trans-Mississippi West by the War Department.”
— Seymour Schwartz and Ralph Ehrenberg

13. Joseph N. Nicollet / John C. Frémont / William H. Emory. “Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River from Astronomical and Barometrical Observations Surveys and Information by J. N. Nicollet” (Washington, D.C.: C. B. Graham’s Lithography, 1843). Published in Report Intended to Illustrate a Map of the Hydrographical Basin of the Upper Mississippi River (H. R. Doc. No. 52, 28th Congress, 2nd sess., 1845). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 30 x 35 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 38 1/2 x 31 1/2". Staining at joint; light scattered foxing; trimmed close at left margin. Overall very good for this scarce and important map.

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14. James W. Abert / William G. Peck. “Map Showing the Route pursued by the Exploring Expedition to New Mexico and the Southern Rocky Mountains made under the orders of Captain J. C. Fremont, U. S. Topographical Engineers” (Washington, D.C.: 1845). Published in Message from the President of the United States, . . . communicating a report of an expedition led by Lieutenant Abert, on the Upper Arkansas and through the country of the Camanche Indians, in the fall of the year 1845 . . . Journal of Lieutenant J. W. Abert, from Bent’s Fort to St. Louis, in 1845 (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 438, 29th Cong., 1st Sess., 1846). Lithographed folding map, black and white as issued. 19 1/4 x 28 1/4". Sheet size: 22 1/4 x 31". Old folds visible; very faint occasional spotting. Overall excellent.

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15. Frederick Adolphus Wislizenus. “Map of a Tour from Independence to Santa Fé, Chihuahua, Monterey and Matamoros” (New York: E. Weber & Co., 1848). Published in Memoir of a tour to northern Mexico, connected with Col. Doniphan’s expedition, in 1846 and 1847 (Sen. Mis. Doc. No. 26, 30th Cong., 1st sess.). Lithograph in black and white, as issued. 19 3/4 x 16" at neat line. Sheet size: 21 1/2 x 17 1/2". Very minor toning. Fine overall.

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The Large Version of Frémont’s Map of California and Oregon

“Frémont has particularly touched my imagination.
What a wild life, and what a fresh kind of existence!
But, ah, the discomforts!”

— Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

16. Charles Frémont / Charles Preuss. “Map of Oregon and Upper California from the Surveys of John Charles Frémont and Other Authorities. Drawn by Charles Preuss under the Order of the Senate of the United States 1848” (Baltimore: E. Weber & Co., Printers, 1848). Published with Geographical Memoir Upon Upper California in Illustration of his Map of Oregon and California, by John Charles Frémont: Addressed to the Senate of the United States (Washington: Wendell and Van Benthuysen, Printers, 1848). Lithograph with original green outline hand color showing boundaries for Oregon and Upper California. 32 3/4 x 26 3/8" at neat line with original margins. 35 1/2 x 29 1/2" full sheet. At top of map, “Profile of the traveling route from the South Pass of the Rocky Mountains to the Bay of San Francisco,” showing the elevations of Frémont’s route. Very slightly toned. Overall, fine, strong example of this increasingly rare map.

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Emory’s Version of the 1857 U.S. and Mexican Boundary Survey with Hall’s Geological Map

17. William H. Emory. “Map of the United States and Their Territories Between the Mississippi and the Pacific Ocean and Part of Mexico” (Washington, D.C.: Selmar Siebert, 1857–1858). Published in Report on the United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, made under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior, by William H. Emory, vol. I (Sen. Ex. Doc No. 108., 34th Cong., 1st sess.). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 20 1/4 x 22 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 3/4 x 25 1/5". Some faint transference and a couple of minor spots. Overall excellent condition for this type of map. Offered separately: $1,200.

Offered With:

James Hall and J. P. Lesley. “Map Illustrating the General Geological Features of the Country West of the Mississippi” (New York: Sarony, Major & Knapp, [1857–58]). Published in Emory, Report. Lithograph with fine, bright, original full hand color. 20 x 23" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 3/4 x 25 1/2", margin slightly close on left. Fine. Offered separately: $2,000.

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Westward Expansion (Items 18–62)

Boundary Surveys, Reconnaissance Maps, and Railroad Maps
Including a fine selection of reports and maps by the U.S. Corps of Topographical Engineers



18. J. H. Colton. “Telegraphic and Rail Road Map of the United States of America, The British Provinces &c” (New York: J. H. Colton, 1849). Copperplate engraving with bright original outline hand color. 20 x 24 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 x 26" with full margins. Vignettes of clipper ships and paddle wheelers dot the Atlantic Ocean. Overall toning of sheet; light scattered spotting; a couple of small losses and short tears in left margin, not affecting map. Very good condition.

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19. James H. Simpson. “Map No. 4 Showing Continuation of Fort Smith [Arkansas] and Santa Fé Route, from Tucumcari Creek to Santa Fé” (Baltimore: E. Weber & Co., 1849). Published in Report from the Secretary of War, Communicating, in Compliance with a Resolution of the Senate, the Report and Map of the Route from Fort Smith, Arkansas, to Santa Fe, New Mexico (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 12, 31st Cong., 1st sess., 1850). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 11 x 19 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 15 x 23 3/4". Age darkening to sheet. Excellent condition.

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20. Another example. “Map No. 4 Showing Continuation of Fort Smith [Arkansas] and Santa Fé Route, from Tucumcari Creek to Santa Fé” (Philadelphia: P. S. Duval’s Lith. Steam Press, 1849). Published in H. R. Exec. Doc. No. 45, 1850. Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 12 1/2 x 18 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 15 x 23 3/4". Excellent condition.

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21. James H. Simpson / Edward M. Kern. “Map of the Route pursued in 1849 by the U.S. Troops, under the command of Bvt. Lieut. Col. Jno. M. Washington, Governor of New Mexico” (Philadelphia: P. S. Duval’s Steam Lith. Press, 1849). Published in Joseph E. Johnston et al. Reports of the Secretary of War, with Reconnaissances of Routes from San Antonio to El Paso . . . Also, the Report of Lieut. J. H. Simpson of an expedition into the Navajo Country (Washington, D.C.: Senate Ex. Doc. No. 64, 31st Cong., 1st sess., 1850). 20 1/2 x 27 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 21 1/4 x 28 3/4". Faint age darkening at old folds. Excellent condition.

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22. Another example. “Map of the Route pursued in 1849 by the U.S. Troops, under the command of Bvt. Lieut. Col. Jno. M. Washington, Governor of New Mexico” (Philadelphia: P. S. Duval’s Steam Lith. Press, 1849). Published in Joseph E. Johnston et al. Reports of the Secretary of War, with Reconnaissances of Routes from San Antonio to El Paso . . . Also, the Report of Lieut. J. H. Simpson of an expedition into the Navajo Country (Washington, D.C.: Senate Ex. Doc. No. 64, 31st Cong., 1st sess., 1850). 20 1/4 x 27 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 21 x 28 1/2". Faint age darkening at old folds. Excellent condition.

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An Important Color-Plate Book on Explorations in Texas and New Mexico
featuring illustrations of Anasazi, Zuñi, and Pueblo Indian culture from the Simpson report


23. Joseph E. Johnston et al. Reports of the Secretary of War, with Reconnaissances of Routes from San Antonio to El Paso (Washington, D. C.: Senate Ex. Doc. No. 64, 31st Cong., 1st Sess., 1850). First edition. 8vo. 250 pp. Two large folding maps: (1) “Reconnoissances of Routes from San Antonio de Bexar to El Paso del Norte” (Philadelphia: P. S. Duval, 1849; 26 x 36 1/2"; short tear at binding tab, small taped area of loss in u. l. quadrant; overall excellent) and (2) “Map of the Route Pursued in 1849 by the U.S. Troops Under the Command of Bvt. Lieut. Col. Jno. M Washington, Governor of New Mexico, in an Expedition Against the Navajos Indians” (Philadelphia: P. S. Duval, 1849; 20 1/4 x 27 1/2" at neat line; short tear at binding tab; overall excellent). 72 lithographed plates (many colored or tinted, some folding; plates numbered to 75, but nos. 2, 21, and 39 were not issued). Original blind-stamped cloth with title in gilt on spine. Contemporary owner’s inscription in ink on front free endpaper. Some page darkening and occasional foxing; light damp stain in bottom corner affects a section of pages; cover worn in places but in acceptable condition. Overall, a very good to excellent example of a seminal title.

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24. Joseph E. Johnston et al. “Reconnoissances of Routes from San Antonio de Bexar to El Paso del Norte, &c.&c.” (Philadelphia: P. S. Duval, 1850). Published in Reports of the Secretary of War, with Reconnaissances of Routes from San Antonio to El Paso (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 64, 31st Cong., 1st sess., 1850). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. Two routes in hand outline color. 24 5/8 x 36 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 25 3/4 x 37 3/8". Minor toning at old folds; old creasing in l. l. quadrant; small loss at right center (not affecting information on map). Excellent overall.

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25. Andrew B. Gray. “That Part of Disturnell’s Treaty Map in the Vicinity of the Rio Grande and Southern Boundary of New Mexico as refrered [sic] to by U.S. Surveyor in Communication to Commissioner July 25, 1851. See page 281, Senate Ex. Doc. [1]19, 32d Congress, 1st sess.” (Philadelphia: P. S. Duval & Co.’s Steam Lith. Press, 1851). Published in Sen. Ex. Doc. No. [1]19, 32nd Cong., 1st. sess., 1851). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 8 3/4 x 11" at neat line. Sheet size: 10 1/4 x 13 1/2". Faint spotting, else fine.

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26. John M. Bartlett. “General Map Showing the Countries Explored & Surveyed by the United States & Mexico Boundary Commission in the Years 1850, 51, 52, & 53” (New York: J. H. Colton & Co., 1854). Published in Personal Narrative of explorations and incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora, and Chihuahua, connected with the United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, during the years 1850, ’51, ’52, and ’53 (New York: D. Appleton & Company, 1854). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 15 x 19 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 16 1/4 x 21 1/2". Slight toning at left edge of sheet; very faint damp stain in l. l. and u. l. corners along old fold; right margin uneven where formerly bound into book; areas of very light transference. Overall an excellent, bold impression.

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27. Andrew B. Gray. “Map of that Portion of the Boundary between the United States and Mexico from the Pacific to the Junction of the Gila and the Colorado Rivers . . .; showing also the Limits of the Territory acquired under the Treaty negotiated by Hon. James Gadsden, 1854” (New York: Ackerman Lith., 1855). Published in Report of the Secretary of the Interior, in Compliance with a Resolution of the Senate, of January 22, communicating a Report and Map of A. B. Grey [sic], Relative to the Mexican Boundary (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Doc. No. 55, 33rd Cong., 2nd sess., 1855). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 21 1/2 x 49 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 23 1/2 x 50 1/4". Three insets at bottom, l. to r.: “Sketch of the Port of San Diego,” “Table of References,” “Profile of Country from the Rio Grande to the Gulf of California, and from the Rio Grande to the Junction of the Gila and Colorado Rivers.” Old folds visible, faint toning at folds; minor glue and paper residue in u. l. margin where formerly attached to report. Overall, fine.

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28. Lorenzo Sitgreaves. Report of an Expedition Down the Zuñi and Colorado Rivers (Washington, D.C.: Beverly Tucker, Senate Printer, 1854). Second printing (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 59, 33rd Cong., 1st sess.). 8vo in original purple blind-stamped cloth with gilt spine title. Ex-libri with call number on spine. 198 pp. Complete with 78 plates (including tinted scenes of Indian domestic activities and ceremonies; one folding scene of the “Buffalo Dance of the Zuñi”) and one large lithographed folding map: “Reconnaissance of the Zuñi, Little Colorado and Colorado Rivers” (sheet size: 27 1/2 x 47 3/4"). Plates are incorrectly numbered or inserted (see Graff, 3809). Contains 22 plates of Indians and scenery, 6 of mammals, 6 of birds, 6 of reptiles, 3 of fish, and 21 of plants. The book is in excellent to fine condition with sound hinges and tight binding. Spine is sunned. A previous owner’s signature and date (1884) inscribed in ink on front free endpaper. Contents, including plates, are clean and without foxing. One natural history plate is browned. Map has a tear at the binding tab and through the left corner, professionally repaired; a few tiny fold separations at corners. Map is excellent overall. Book and contents are excellent, especially as the complete document is scarce.

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Three Excellent Topographical Maps from the Pacific Railroad Surveys

In 1853, the U.S. Congress commissioned the U.S. Army’s Topographical Corps to conduct a series of surveys to find the best routes west for a transcontinental railroad. Four main expeditions covered the area between the Great Plains and the West Coast, each following a different parallel, while two supplemental expeditions explored the potential for north-south routes in California and Oregon. The expeditions included artists and naturalists who documented the landscapes, flora, and fauna along the routes. These efforts resulted in an immense body of data on the West that was compiled between 1855 and 1861 in the twelve-volume set of Reports of Explorations and Surveys to Ascertain the Most Practicable and Economical Route for a Railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean [Pacific Railroad Reports]. The following maps from volume XI of the Reports show the explorations for two of the east-west parallel routes and for one of the north-south expeditions in California.


29. John W. Gunnison / Edward G. Beckwith. “Map No. 3: From the Santa Fe Crossing to the Coo-che-to-pa Pass” [Explorations and Surveys for a Rail Road Route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. War Department. Route Near the 38th & 39th Parallels] (Washington, D.C.: Selmar Siebert’s Engraving & Printing, 1855). Published in Pacific Railroad Reports, vol. XI (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 78, 33rd Cong., 2nd sess.). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 31 1/4 x 23 3/8" at neat line. Sheet: 33 1/4 x 25 1/2". Minor darkening at old folds; trimmed close to neat line at left; small repaired loss in margin where formerly bound in; faint ink residue from wiping the plate; faint damp stain in l. l. quadrant. Overall, very good.

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30. Edward G. Beckwith. “Map No. 1: From the Valley of Green River to the Great Salt Lake” [Explorations and Surveys for a Rail Route from Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. War Department. Route Near the 41st Parallel] (Washington, D.C.: Selmar Siebert’s Engraving & Printing, 1855). Published in Pacific Railroad Reports, vol. XI (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 78, 33rd Cong., 2nd sess.). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 20 1/2 x 18" at neat line. Sheet: 22 1/4 x 19 7/8". Trimmed close at binding edge; small repaired loss at left edge of centerfold, not affecting the map. Excellent.

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31. John G. Parke. “Map No. 1: From San Francisco Bay to the Plains of Los Angeles [Explorations and Surveys for a Rail Road Route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. War Department. Coast Route, California] (Washington, D.C.: Selmar Siebert’s Engraving & Printing, 1855). Published in Pacific Railroad Reports, vol. XI (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 78, 33rd Cong., 2nd sess.). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 28 1/4 x 34 3/4" at neat line. Sheet: 30 1/2 x 36 1/2". Minor darkening at old folds; trimmed to neat line at binding edge; small loss in corner fold above title, not affecting map. Excellent.

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32. Edward J. Steptoe. “Map showing the different routes travelled over by the Detachments of the overland Command in the Spring of 1855 from Salt Lake City, Utah to the Bay of San Francisco” (New York: Ackerman Lith., 1855). Published in Report of Captain Rufus Ingalls of the march of Colonel Steptoe from Fort Leavenworth to California (Senate Ex. Doc. No. 1, 34th Cong., 1st sess., 1855–1856). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 22 x 18 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 24 7/8 x 19 3/8" at binding tab. Minor toning along old folds; repaired split at top margin. Excellent.

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33. John F. Weyss. “Sketch of the Country near the Southern Boundary of Kansas” (New York: Lith. of J. Bien, 1857). Published in Southern Boundary Line of Kansas (H.R. Ex. Doc. No. 103, 35th Congress, 1st sess.). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. Sheet size: 24 3/4 x 50". Elevation profile of the route by Frederick Wislizenus is along bottom. Facsimile signature by J. E. Johnston. A few minor corner splits; very faint toning where formerly bound in. Fine.

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34. James H. Simpson. Report of the Secretary of War, communicating, in compliance with a resolution of the Senate, Captain Simpson’s Report and Map of the Wagon Road Routes in Utah Territory (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 40, 35th Cong., 2nd sess., 1859). First edition. 84 pgs. 8vo report with new quarter-bound cloth and gilt-stamped spine. Contains the large folding map by Simpson: “Preliminary Map of Routes Reconnoitred [sic] and Opened in the Territory of Utah by Captain J. H. Simpson . . . in the Fall of 1858” (New York: J. Bien, 1859). Lithograph, black and white, as issued. 29 7/8 x 43" at neat line. Sheet size: 31 1/2 x 45 3/4". Report and binding are fine. Map has several corner separations; two short fold splits in margin; faint toning at edges; otherwise excellent. Overall a very clean example with the elusive map.

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35. Edward F. Beale. “Map Showing the Route of E. F. Beale from Fort Smith, Ark., to Albuquerque, N.M. 1858–59” (New York: Lith. of J. Bien, 1859). Published in Wagon Road—Fort Smith to Colorado River. Letter of the Secretary of War, Transmitting the Report of Mr. Beale Relating to the Construction of a Wagon Road from Fort Smith to the Colorado River (Washington, D.C.: House Ex. Doc. No. 42, 36th Cong., 1st sess., 1860). Lithographed folding map in black and white as issued. 6 3/4 x 48 7/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 8 1/2 x 51". Faint toning along top of map; upper margin unevenly trimmed. Excellent condition.

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The Outstanding Macomb / Egloffstein Map of the Four Corners

One of the most beautiful maps ever published by the Army.”
— Carl Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West

36. John N. Macomb / Friedrich W. Egloffstein. “Map of Explorations and Surveys in New Mexico and Utah . . . 1860” (New York: Geographical Institute, Baron F. W. von Egloffstein, 1864). Published in Report of an exploring expedition from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the juncture of the Grand and Green Rivers of the great Colorado of the West in 1859 (Washington, D. C.: U.S. Engineer Department, 1876) . Aquatint engraving in black and white with tint. 28 3/8 x 34 1/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 30 3/4 x 37 1/4". Areas of light transference; minor toning at old folds. Overall, fine.

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37. Surgeon General’s Office. “Map of the United States Exhibiting the Military Depts. & Posts, 1860” (New York: Lith. of J. Bien, 1860). Published in Statistical Report on the Sickness and Mortality in the Army of the United States, compiled from the Records of the Surgeon General’s Office [1855–1860] (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. 52, 36th Cong. 1st sess., 1860). Lithographed folding map with bright original outline and full hand color. 13 x 19 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 15 3/4 x 21 1/2". Only the slightest toning to u. margin. Fine.

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38. U.S. Surveyor General. “Sketch of the Public Surveys in New Mexico 1860” (New York: J. Bien, 1860). Lithographed map folded into Annual Report of the Surveyor General (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 36th Cong., 2nd sess., 1860). 23 x 32 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 25 x 33 1/2". Half of left margin trimmed to neat line. Overall fine.

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A Rare Set of Egloffstein Maps from the Ives Report

39. F. W. Egloffstein / Joseph C. Ives. “Explorations and Surveys. War Department. Map No. 1. Rio Colorado of the West” (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1861). From Report upon the Colorado River of the West, explored in 1857 and 1858 by Lieutenant Joseph C. Ives, Corps of Topographical Engineers (H.R. Doc. No. 90, 36th Cong., 1st sess.). Aquatint engraving, black and white with tint. Four strip maps, each 14 x 8". Overall size at neat line: 14 1/2 x 34 3/4". Sheet size: 16 1/4 x 36 3/4" including binding tab. Old folds visible; minor age spotting; toning in upper margin. Otherwise, very good condition.

F. W. Egloffstein / Joseph C. Ives. “Explorations and Surveys. War Department. Map No. 2. Rio Colorado of the West” (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1861). From Report upon the Colorado River of the West, as above. Aquatint engraving, black and white with tint. 14 1/4 x 34 5/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 16 1/8 x 36 1/8". Old folds visible; minor age spotting; left margin unevenly trimmed at binding tab; some chipping at upper edge of sheet; loss at u. r. corner. Otherwise, very good condition.

F. W. Egloffstein / Joseph C. Ives, with color additions by John S. Newberry, geologist to the expedition. “Geological Map No. 2. Explorations and Surveys. War Department. Rio Colorado of the West” (Washington, D.C: Government Printing Office, 1861). From unnumbered Senate edition of Report upon the Colorado River of the West (Senate Ex. Doc., 36th Cong., 1st sess.). Aquatint engraving with fine bright original hand color. 14 1/2 x 34 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 18 x 36". Margins unevenly trimmed; a few minor spots. Otherwise, excellent condition.

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40. Another example of “Explorations and Surveys. War Department. Map No. 2. Rio Colorado of the West” (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1861). From Report upon the Colorado River of the West, as above. Aquatint engraving, black and white. 14 1/2 x 34 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 16 1/4 x 36". Top and left margin unevenly trimmed; small loss at one cornerfold; a few faint scattered spots; areas of minor transference; vertical crease at u. r. near centerfold; slight darkening along old folds. Very good condition overall. Offered separately.

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41. U.S. Surveyor General. “Sketch of the Public Surveys in New Mexico 1862” (New York: J. Bien, 1862). Lithographed map folded into Annual Report of the Surveyor General (H.R. Doc. No. 1, 37th Cong., 3nd sess., 1862). 21 x 27 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 1/2 x 28 3/4". Faint darkening at old folds; a couple of corner splits; faint transference; l. margin trimmed to neat line where formerly bound in. Excellent.

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The Second Official Map of Colorado Territory

42. U.S. Surveyor General. “Map of Colorado Territory” (New York: J. Bien, 1862). Lithographed map folded into Annual Report of the Surveyor General (H.R. Doc. No. 1, 37th Cong., 3nd sess., 1862). 16 1/4 x 22 1/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 18 1/2 x 23 5/8". Faint toning along old folds; a portion of the left margin cut close to neat line. Overall excellent.

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43. John Mullan. Miners and Travelers’ Guide to Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado via the Missouri and Columbia Rivers (New York: Published by William M. Franklin for the Author, 1865). First edition. 153 pg. 8vo in original blind-embossed cloth with gilt title on spine. Contains the large folding map by Mullan and Edward Freyhold: “General Map of the North Pacific States and Territories Belonging to the United States and of British Columbia, Extending From Lake Superior to the Pacific Ocean” (New York: J. Bien, 1865). Lithograph with fine original full hand color. 23 1/2 x 38" at neat line. Sheet size: 25 x 38 3/4". Book has damp stain throughout at top of page near gutter, not affecting readability. New endpapers and rear paste-down mount for map. Map has a few corner splits; tiny loss at u. r. corner fold; two repaired fold splits. Book is very good; map is fine.

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44. L. C. Overman / Charles Pressler. “Outline Map Showing a New Route from Texas to Fort Yuma, California, for Cattle Droves and Trains En Route to California” (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1867). Published in H.R. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 46th Cong., 3rd sess. Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 14 1/2 x 49 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 17 x 52". Minor darkening at old folds; short tear at binding tab; faint transferences. Excellent.

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45. W. F. Raynolds. Report on the Exploration of the Yellowstone River . . . , Communicated by the Secretary of War, in Compliance with a Resolution of the Senate, February 13, 1866 (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 77, 40th Cong., 1st sess., 1868). First edition. 174 pgs. 8vo report in cloth-covered boards with title stamped in gilt on front cover. Contains the large folding map by Raynolds: “U.S. War Department, Map of the Yellowstone and Missouri Rivers and Their Tributaries . . . 1859–60” (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Engineer Bureau, 1860). Lithograph in black and white. 26 3/4 x 41 1/4" at neat line. Sheet: 29 x 42 1/2". Map has several corner splits; short marginal splits at binding tab; marginal tear in u. l. corner. Book has former owner’s bookplate on front free endpaper; interior is clean. Both are excellent overall.

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46. G. W. and C. B. Colton. “Map of the Country from Lake Superior to the Pacific Ocean from the latest Explorations and Surveys to Accompany the Report of Edwin F. Johnson, Chief Engineer of the Northern Pacific Railroad” (New York: G. W. and C. B. Colton, 1867). Published in Johnson’s Report to the President and Directors of the Northern Pacific Railroad Company. Double-page lithograph with fine, bright, original full hand color. 21 3/4 x 43 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 3/4 x 45 1/4". On bank note paper, a few corner splits. Overall fine with great color.

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47. E. F. Ruffner. “Map showing the lines of communication between Southern Colorado and Northern New Mexico” (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Department of the Missouri, 1876). Published in Report on Lines of Communication between Southern Colorado and Northern New Mexico by E. F. Ruffner. Lithograph in black and white, as issued. 14 x 18 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 16 x 21 5/8". Fine.

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Four Excellent Topographical Maps from the Wheeler Survey

“By the spring of 1872 the new Powell Survey of the Colorado River country and the expanded Hayden Survey were presenting a visible threat to long-established Army supremacy in the field of Western mapping. A grandiose new design was wanted to help in the eternal battle for appropriations, and someone in the Corps of Engineers came up with a project to be called ‘Explorations and Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian in Nevada, Utah, Colorado, New Mexico, and Arizona.’ These would be systematic surveys; the entire West would be divided up into 95 rectangles, with atlas sheets to be prepared for each.”
— Wheat, Mapping the Transmississippi West

Wheat above describes the genesis of Lieutenant George M. Wheeler’s grand plan for the U.S. Army’s mapping of the West. Calling his organization the “United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian,” Wheeler went head-to-head with the three civilian surveys in progress in the 1870s under Hayden, King, and Powell. The Army surveys, however, would emphasize topography over geology, the latter of which was the focus of the other three. Wheeler sent parties into the field each summer from 1872 to 1878, producing 161 maps issued as atlas sheets in special portfolios beginning in 1874. The portfolios were published under the general title of, first, Topographical Atlas, and, latter, Geographical Atlas. The area to be surveyed was divided into 95 rectangular divisions, each of which, when presented on a scale of one inch to four miles, would require four sheets, each 19 by 24 inches in size. Thus Wheeler developed the quadrangle system still used by the U.S. Geological Survey to this day, as well as producing the first contour maps of the region. Offered below are four fine atlas sheets from the Wheeler Survey.


48. George M. Wheeler. “Atlas Sheet No. 59: Southwestern Utah” (Washington, D. C.: U.S. War Department, 1874). Duotone lithograph with light cream undertint, lightened for high land. 14 5/8 x 19 3/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 19 x 24". Light toning at sheet edges; three repaired tears in margins, not affecting map. Excellent condition.

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49. George M. Wheeler. “Atlas Sheet No. 59: Southern and Southwestern Utah” (Washington, D. C.: U.S. War Department, 1874). Full-color chromolithograph. 15 x 19 3/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 19 x 24". Light toning and spotting at sheet edges. Fine with vivid original color.

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50. George M. Wheeler. “Atlas Sheet No. 67: Parts of Northern and North Western Arizona and Southern Utah” (Washington, D. C.: U.S. War Department, 1874). Duotone lithograph with light cream undertint, lightened for high land. 15 x 19" at neat line. Sheet size: 19 x 24". Fine.

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51. George M. Wheeler. “Atlas Sheet No. 53(c): Part of Central Colorado” (Washington, D. C.: U.S. War Department, 1877). Duotone lithograph with light cream undertint, lightened for high land. 15 x 19" at neat line. Sheet size: 19 x 24". Fine.

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52. Department of the Interior. U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. “Economic Map of Colorado. Sheet III” (New York: Julius Bien, 1877). Published in Geological and Geographical Atlas of Colorado and Portions of Adjacent Territory by F. V. Hayden. Double-page color lithograph in fine, bright colors. 25 1/4 x 35 1/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 26 1/2 x 37 1/4". Faint damp stains along bottom of sheet and side and top margins. Nearly fine.

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53. G. W. & C. B. Colton. “Travelers’ Rail Road Map of the United States to Accompany ‘Boston to Washington’ Riverside Series Centennial Guides” (New York: G. W. & C. B. Colton & Co., 1876). Published in Boston to Washington: A Complete Pocket Guide to the Great Eastern Cities and the Centennial Exhibition (Cambridge, Massachusetts: H. O. Houghton & Co., 1876). Lithographed folding map with excellent original outline hand color for state boundaries. 28 1/4 x 38" at neat line. Sheet size: 30 x 39 1/4". Three inset maps at right: “The Southern Portion of Texas,” “Plan of the Southern Portion of Florida,” “Western Portion of the United States” (7 x 7 5/8"). Minor toning at old folds; four small rectangular sections of light toning. Excellent condition.

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A Gorgeous Colton Pocket Map of the Transmississippi West

54. G. Woolworth & C. B. Colton. “Colton’s Map of the States and Territories West of Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean Showing the Overland Routes, Projected Rail Road Lines &c.” (New York: G. W. & C. B. Colton, 1877). Lithographed pocket map on bank note paper with fine, bright, original full and outline hand color. Elaborate vine border. 25 1/2 x 39 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 29 1/2 x 43 1/4". Original 12mo cloth covers with blindstamped design; title on front cover in gilt. Map is mint.

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55. E. F. Ruffner. “Sketch Showing Military Roads Leading to Fort Lewis, Pagosa Springs” (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Army Department of the Missouri, 1879). Published in H.R. Doc. No. 1, 46th Cong., 2nd. sess. Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 22 1/2 x 21" at neat line. Sheet size: 25 1/8 x 22 1/4". Small loss at l. r. corner; faint damp stain in u. r. margin. Overall, near fine.

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56. U.S. General Land Office / Charles Roeser. “Territory of New Mexico” (New York: Julius Bien, 1879). Two-color lithograph. 29 x 23 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 33 1/2 x 26 1/2". Minor damp stain in u. l. and l. l. corners and at centerfold; 2 wormhole losses in margin at l. center, well away from map. Overall excellent condition with fine, bright color.

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An Outstanding Map of Arizona Territory

Perhaps the largest scale map of the territory that has been published.”
— Thomas W. Streeter

57. Emil A. Eckhoff and Paul P. Reicker. “Official Map of the Territory of Arizona Compiled from Surveys, Reconnaissances and Other Sources” (New York: The Graphic Co. Photo-Lith., 1880). Folding case map dissected and laid on linen. Two-color lithograph with original outline hand color. Outlines color-coded to designate county borders, mining districts, Indian reservations, and U.S. military telegraph lines. 32 1/4 x 27 3/4" at neat line. Full sheet: 38 x 29". Map surmounted by an eagle with “Territory of Arizona” banner in its beak. In original, embossed, brown cloth folder with title stamped in gilt. Printed territorial seal, lower left, and facsimile inscription and signature of Governor J. C. Frémont. Marvelous decorative Victorian typeface for the title. Some insignificant soiling of linen on verso, otherwise mint condition.

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Two Scarce Maps of the Sangre de Cristo Land Grant

The following two maps were originally published prior to 1882, but were reprinted in that year when the U.S. Senate was adjudicating Mexican Land Grants. The maps both appeared in a U.S. Senate report examining the legality of the Sangre de Cristo Grant, an enormous tract of more than a million acres lying mostly within southern Colorado, but also extending into northern New Mexico. Created in 1843, the Sangre de Cristo Grant had been controversial from the beginning, as it violated Mexican law limiting the size of grants. After decades of legal conflict over the legitimacy of the grant, the Senate published a report addressing the disputes over the grant’s boundaries and the mineral rights within. The report included five large folding maps, two of which are presented below. Both are rare documents.


58. Edwin H. Kellogg. “Topographical Map of the Exterior Boundaries of the Sangre de Christo Grant as Claimed” (Washington, D.C.: 1882). Published in Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office concerning a tract of land in Colorado patented by Charles Beaubien (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 142, 47th Cong., 1st sess.). Lithograph with original outline hand color. Sheet size: 24 7/8 x 15 1/8". Slight printer’s wrinkle, otherwise fine.

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59. Edwin H. Kellogg. “Map of the Sangre de Cristo Grant in Colorado & New Mexico” (Washington, D.C.: 1882). Published in Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office concerning a tract of land in Colorado patented by Charles Beaubien (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 142, 47th Cong., 1st sess.). Lithograph with original outline hand color. Sheet size: 24 7/8 x 15 1/8". Fine.

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60. Clarence E. Dutton. “Geological Map of the Western Part of the Plateau Province. The Grand Cañon District. Atlas Sheet II” (New York: Julius Bien, 1882). Published in Atlas to Accompany the Monograph on the Tertiary History of the Grand Cañon District (Washington, D.C.: Department of the Interior, United States Geological Survey, 1882). Double-page color lithograph with fine bright color. 28 3/4 x 17 5/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 33 x 20". Old folds with several splits and minor corner losses; color is fine. Overall excellent.

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“The First Reliable Statistical Account of Texas”
Especially fine for the cattle industry of the period
— John H. Jenkins, Basic Texas Books

61. Ashley W. Spaight. The Resources, Soil, and Climate of Texas. Report of the Commissioner of Insurance, Statistics, and History (Galveston: A. H. Belo &. Co., Printers, 1882). 8vo cloth-covered boards, blind-embossed design, title in gilt on spine. 360 pgs. Decorative medallions pasted on front and back covers by a previous owner. Previous owner’s bookplate on front pastedown. Spine is sun-faded. Contains the rare folding map by Spaight: “Official Map of the State of Texas” (Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1882). Wax-engraved in full color by county. Railroad routes indicated in bright red lines. 30 3/4 x 32" at neat line. Sheet: 32 1/8 x 33 1/2". Map includes four statistical tables: “The Area, Population, and Assessed Value of Taxable Property of the State, by Counties,” “The Mean Annual and Mean Monthly Rainfall,” “The Railway Lines in Operation and Railway Mileage in the State,” “State Finances.” Map has a few corner splits. Overall, book and map are fine.

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62. G. Woolworth & C. B. Colton. “Map Showing the Pacific Railways and their Branches. Prepared for the United States Pacific Railway Commission” (New York: G. W. & C. B. Colton, 1887). Published in Testimony taken by the United States Pacific Railway Commission (Washington, D.C.: Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 50th Cong., 1st sess.). Lithograph with fine, bright, original outline and full hand color. Backed on tissue. 22 3/8 x 33". Sheet: 24 3/8 x 34". Fine.

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The Rush to California (Items 63–69)


“Most important of all the maps of 1848 . . .
The first map to make any pretense at cartographical accuracy after the gold discoveries.”

—Wheat, Maps of the California Gold Region

63. Edward Otho Cresap Ord. “Topographical Sketch of the Gold & Quicksilver District of California, July 25th 1848” (Philadelphia: P. S. Duval, 1848). Published to accompany the President’s [Polk’s] Message to Congress of December 5, 1848 (H.R. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 30th Cong., 2nd sess.). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 21 1/2 x 15 3/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 1/4 x 16 7/8". Minor toning along old folds; upper margin unevenly trimmed. Excellent condition overall.

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A Fine Example of Colton’s 1849 Famous Gold Rush Map

64. J. H. Colton. “Map of California, Oregon, Texas, and the Territories Adjoining” (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1849). Published in Oregon and California in 1848 by Jesse Quinn Thornton. Lithograph with excellent original outline hand color. Attractive foliate border. Gold Region is highlighted in yellow. 20 1/2 x 17 7/8" at neat line. Sheet: 21 x 18 1/8" with margins trimmed close to neat line. Overall minor toning, especially along old folds. Fine, crisp impression for this important Gold Region map.

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65. George Horatio Derby. “The Sacramento Valley from the American River to Butte Creek, Surveyed & Drawn by Order of Genl. Riley” (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1850). Published in Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 47, 31st Cong., 1st sess., “Topographical Memoir Accompanying Maps of the Sacramento Valley, &c.—Respectfully Submitted by G. H. Derby, Lieutenant Topographical Engineers.” Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 21 3/4 x 17 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 23 1/2 x 18 1/2". Faint toning. Overall fine.

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66. George Horatio Derby. “Sketch of General Riley’s Route Through the Mining Districts July and Aug. 1849” (New York: Ackermann’s Lithogr., 1850). Published in Message From the President of the United States, Transmitting Information in Answer to a Resolution of the House of the 31st of December, 1849, on the subject of California and New Mexico (H.R. Ex. Doc. No. 17, 31st Cong., 1st sess., 1850). Lithographed folding map in black and white as issued. 20 1/2 x 19 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 3/4 x 20". Fine.

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67. Philip T. Tyson. “Geological Reconnoissances in California” (Washington, D.C.: 1850). Published in Report of the Secretary of War, in further compliance with the resolution of the Senate calling for copies of reports on the geology and topography of California, June 11, 1850 (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 47, part II, 31st Cong., 1st sess., 1850). Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 11 1/2 x 14 5/8" at neat line. Sheet size: 12 x 16". Faint toning at old folds; upper and lower margins unevenly trimmed. Fine.

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68. Robert S. Williamson. “Sketch of the Route of Capt. Warner’s Exploring Party in the Sacramento Valley and Sierra Nevada. During the months of August, September, and October, 1849” (Washington, D.C.: 1850). Published in Report of the Secretary War, in further compliance with the resolution of the Senate calling for copies of reports on the geology and topography of California, June 11, 1850 (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 47, part II, 31st Cong., 1st sess., 1850). Lithographed folding map in black and white as issued. Sheet size: 24 1/4 x 12 3/4". Very minor scattered spotting; uneven margins. Overall excellent.

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A Fine Gold Rush Navigational Chart of the Sacramento River

By early summer of 1849, hundreds of ships were anchored in the harbor of San Francisco. Forty-niners were scrambling for available means of transportation to the gold region, and suppliers faced the same difficulties as gold seekers. Navigation by ships on the Sacramento River was severely limited by reefs, bars, mud, and tortuous channels. Groundings were frequent and losses occurred. Ships were forced to unload to smaller vessels at either San Francisco or across the Bay at Benicia. . . . The business community and local government quickly recognized the problem and just as quickly proposed a solution: enter marine pioneer Cadwalader Ringgold.
— Alan Fraser Houston


69. Cadwalader Ringgold / Frederick D. Stuart. “Chart of the Sacramento River from Suisun City to the American River California (Sheet No. 4)” (Washington, D.C.: C. B. Graham, 1850). Published in A series of charts with sailing directions, embracing surveys of the Farallones, entrance to the bay of San Francisco . . . , straits of Carquines and Suisun Bay, confluence and deltic branches of the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers (Washington, D.C.: Jno. T. Towers, 1851). Lithographed folding chart in black and white, as issued. 30 x 19 3/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 31 1/2 x 21" with a close left margin. Three inset maps: “Part of the River Sacramento showing the location of the cities of Sacramento and Boston,” “Confluence of the Sacramento River and the Middle and West Forks,” and “Suisun City and part of the Sacramento River.” One vignette showing the east bank of the Sacramento River; two vignettes showing navigational marks for entering the Sacramento River. Old folds visible; a few faint spots. Excellent.

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Indian Campaigns and Ethnology (Items 70–72)


70. Robert H. Fletcher. “Department of Columbia Map of the Nez Perce Indian Campaign” (Washington, D.C.: War Department, 1877). Uncolored lithograph. 21 1/4 x 45 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 24 x 47". Seven vignettes of battle sites along the bottom, plus an inset map showing: “Scene of the Outbreak.” Two repaired splits to vertical folds; minor darkening along old folds; very faint damp stains along four outer folds. Overall excellent.

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71. Paul Brodie / Indian Office. [Boundary of the Zuñi Indian Reservation] (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1884). Published in H.R. Ex. Doc. No. 11, 48th Cong., 2nd sess. Lithograph with red circles used to denote 1883 coordinates. Sheet size: 15 1/2 x 18 1/2". Two short tears at top of sheet; uneven margin at old binding tab. Excellent.

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72. John Wesley Powell. “Map of the Linguistic Stocks of American Indians chiefly within the limits of the United States” (New York: Sackett & Wilhelms Litho. Co., 1891). Published in the Annual Report of Bureau of Ethnology, Vol. 7 [Indian Linguistic Families of America, North of Mexico]. Chromolithograph. 20 1/8 x 17 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 22 x 18 1/2". Left margin trimmed close above binding tab. Fine.

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Maps of the Northwest (Items 73–75)


73. Louis de la Rochette after Henry Roberts / William Faden. “Chart of the N. W. Coast of America and the N. E. Coast of Asia, Explored in the Years 1778 and 1779” (London: Wm. Faden, Jan. 1, 1794 [1784]). Second edition. Double-page copperplate engraving with fine, bright, original outline hand color. 15 1/2 x 26 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 20 1/2 x 29" with wide margins. Mint.

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74. David Burr. “The North-West-Coast of North America and adjacent Territories compiled from the best authorities under the direction of Robert Greenhow to accompany his Memoir on the Northwest Coast” (Washington, D.C.: Blair and Rives, 1840). Published in Memoir, Historical and Political on the Northwest Coast of North America by Robert Greenhow. Lithographed folding map in black and white, as issued. 16 x 21 1/4" at neat line. Sheet size: 18 3/4 x 23 3/4" including binding tab. At l. l. is a facsimile of “a medal struck at Boston in 1787 on occasion of the departure of the vessels COLUMBIA and WASHINGTON for the Northwest Coast of America.” Above the medal is a large inset: “The North Pacific Ocean and the adjacent Coasts and Islands.” A dark impression in fine condition.

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75. Joseph Dixon. “Map Showing the Routes travelled by the Command of Majr. E. Steen, U.S. Drags. against the Snake Indians in 1860” (New York: J. Bien & Co., 1860). Published in Topographical Memoir of the Command Against the Snake Indians, under Major E. Steen, United States Dragoons, in the summer of 1860 (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 1, 37th Cong., 2nd sess.). Lithographed folding map in black and white as issued. 23 3/4 x 33 1/2" at neat line. Sheet size: 27 1/4 x 36". Minor toning along old folds; a couple of faint spots; several repaired fold splits; left margin unevenly trimmed at binding tab. Overall, excellent.

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All items guaranteed authentic as described and are subject to prior sale.

Digital photographs of all items are available upon request.

We encourage you to contact us with your special interests. We are happy to help you build a fine collection.

If your address has changed, please call us with your new contact information for our mailing list. If you don’t wish to receive future mailings or your interests have changed, please let us know.

For orders or inquiries: 505-982-1559 or Packing and shipping extra. Sales tax applies to New Mexico residents.

Thank you for your interest and patronage. Consignments are always welcome.

Catalogue prepared by Sarah Burt and William R. Talbot, photography by Steve Walenta, design by Rebecca Walding.

Special thanks to Sarah Burt for her extraordinary attention to detail and scholarship.