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  Eugène Andriveau-Goujon. “Carte Générale des Etats-Unis et du Mexique” (Paris: 1862).  
Andriveau Carte Generale 1862

Andriveau Carte Generale 1862

Eugène Andriveau-Goujon. “Carte Générale des Etats-Unis et du Mexique Comprenant L’Amérique Centrale et Les Antilles” (Paris: Andriveau-Goujon, Rue du Bac, 21, 1862). Steel-plate engraved case map with superb full original hand color. 24 1/4 x 35 1/2" at handsome piano key border. Sheet size: 26 1/4 x 37". Dissected and laid on linen. Folds into green cloth covers with the title in embossed gilt. Blind-stamp decorative embossing to cover, further embellished by Andriveau-Goujon’s logo featuring a globe in green and gold. An original Andriveau-Goujon paper label is attached to the linen on verso. Four inset maps: "Entrée de New-York," "Carte des Rapports entre L'Europe & L'Amérique," "Petites Antilles et Nord de l'Amérique du Sud," and "Etats de L'Amérique Centrale." Mint condition for map and covers.
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This nearly flawless, large-scale map of the United States and Mexico is a fine example of French map-making at its most impressive. The engraving is superb, the pastel coloration elegant, and the details clearly and handsomely articulated. Andriveau-Goujon shows the Civil War-era United States from coast to coast and provides a very up-to-date account of the political boundaries of the West, especially notable for a European map produced during a period when the boundaries changed frequently as a result of the war.

One of the most interesting of these changes is the early appearance of “Colona,” the first name for Colorado. Colorado Territory was organized in the wake of the 1859 Colorado Gold Rush, which had brought the first large influx of white settlement into the region. Congress passed the organic act for the territory in the spring of 1861 during the thick of the secessions by Southern states that precipitated the Civil War. The organization of Colorado Territory was promoted to solidify Union control over a mineral-rich area of the Rocky Mountains.

Another manifestation of the Civil War boundary struggle is the positioning of a horizontal Arizona in the southern third of a large, horizontal New Mexico Territory. The configuration represents John Baylor’s short-lived Confederate Territory of Arizona, which existed for nearly a year from August 1861 to July 1862. Union forces arriving in the winter of 1862 from California drove the Confederate troops back to the Rio Grande, foiling the Confederate ploy to gain control of the territory's rich mining resources. Congress created the official Territory of Arizona in February of the next year.

Other western provisional boundaries presented on the map include “Dagotah” Territory lying in the region between Minnesota and the Missouri River, Nebraska covering the rest of the region up to the Rocky Mountains, the huge Utah Territory encompassing present-day Nevada, and a Washington Territory that stretches to the Continental Divide. Oregon has gained statehood, but has lost its eastern lands, which are destined to become the southern portion of Idaho and are here named “Shoshone” in an unusual configuration below Washington.

The map also details wagon and emigrant roads, topography, Indian settlements, advancing and existing railroads, and all of Mexico, Guatemala, the Caribbean, and Central America. European possessions in the Caribbean are indicated by underlining the names in colors representing France, England, Holland, Denmark, or Spain. This is a fascinating Civil War-period map by a notable French mapmaker in remarkable condition.

Refs.: Phillips, Maps, p. 910; Rumsey Historical Map Collection, no. 2100 [1865 ed.]

Copyright 2003, William R. Talbot