Eugène Andriveau-Goujon. “Carte Générale des Etats-Unis et du Mexique
Comprenant L’Amérique Centrale et Les Antilles”
(Paris: Andriveau-Goujon, Rue du Bac, 21, 1862). Steel-plate engraved
case map with superb full original hand color. 24 1/4 x 35 1/2"
at handsome piano key border. Sheet size: 26 1/4 x 37".
Dissected and laid on linen. Folds into green cloth covers with the
title in embossed gilt. Blind-stamp decorative embossing to cover,
further embellished by Andriveau-Goujon’s logo featuring a
globe in green and gold. An original Andriveau-Goujon paper label is
attached to the linen on verso. Four inset maps: "Entrée
de New-York," "Carte des Rapports entre L'Europe &
L'Amérique," "Petites Antilles et Nord de l'Amérique
du Sud," and "Etats de L'Amérique Centrale."
Mint condition for map and covers.
This nearly flawless, large-scale
map of the United States and Mexico is a fine example of French
map-making at its most impressive. The engraving is superb, the
pastel coloration elegant, and the details clearly and handsomely
articulated. Andriveau-Goujon shows the Civil War-era United States
from coast to coast and provides a very up-to-date account of the
political boundaries of the West, especially notable for a European
map produced during a period when the boundaries changed frequently
as a result of the war.
One of the most interesting of these changes is the early appearance of
“Colona,” the first name for Colorado. Colorado Territory
was organized in the wake of the 1859 Colorado Gold Rush, which had
brought the first large influx of white settlement into the region.
Congress passed the organic act for the territory in the spring of
1861 during the thick of the secessions by Southern states that
precipitated the Civil War. The organization of Colorado Territory
was promoted to solidify Union control over a mineral-rich area of
the Rocky Mountains.
Another manifestation of the Civil War boundary struggle is the positioning
of a horizontal Arizona in the southern third of a large, horizontal
New Mexico Territory. The configuration represents John Baylor’s
short-lived Confederate Territory of Arizona, which existed for
nearly a year from August 1861 to July 1862. Union forces arriving in
the winter of 1862 from California drove the Confederate troops back
to the Rio Grande, foiling the Confederate ploy to gain control of
the territory's rich mining resources. Congress created the official
Territory of Arizona in February of the next year.
Other western provisional boundaries presented on the map include “Dagotah”
Territory lying in the region between Minnesota and the Missouri
River, Nebraska covering the rest of the region up to the Rocky
Mountains, the huge Utah Territory encompassing present-day Nevada,
and a Washington Territory that stretches to the Continental Divide.
Oregon has gained statehood, but has lost its eastern lands, which
are destined to become the southern portion of Idaho and are here
named “Shoshone” in an unusual configuration below
The map also details wagon
and emigrant roads, topography, Indian settlements, advancing and
existing railroads, and all of Mexico, Guatemala, the Caribbean, and
Central America. European possessions in the Caribbean are indicated
by underlining the names in colors representing France, England,
Holland, Denmark, or Spain. This is a fascinating Civil War-period
map by a notable French mapmaker in remarkable condition.
Maps, p. 910; Rumsey Historical Map Collection, no. 2100 [1865