Gouverneur Kemble Warren. “Reconnoissances in the Dacota Country
by G. K. Warren, Lieut. Topl. Engrs. U.S.A. . . . 1855”
(Philadelphia: P. S. Duval & Co. Lith., 1856). Published in G. K.
Warren’s Explorations in the Dacota Country, in the Year
1855 (Sen. Ex. Doc. No. 76, 34th Cong., 1st
sess., 1856). Lithographed map on two large sheets joined as one,
black and white as issued. 36 x 54 1/4" at neat line. Sheet
size: 37 1/4 x 61". “Profile of Route from Fort Pierre to
Fort Kearney” appears vertically in right margin. Slight toning
to old folds; several tiny corner-fold splits; close margin at
binding edge. Overall excellent.
This massive chart of Dakota country was prepared by Topographical Officer
G. K. Warren based upon data gathered during an expedition against
the Sioux Indians in 1855. One of three maps published in Warren’s
Explorations in the Dacota Country, the present map is “most
important,” according to Streeter. For one thing, it is huge;
for another, it shows a relatively unexplored region of the
Transmississippi West, here labeled “Nebraska” in big,
bold letters. Created on a scale of 1/600,000, the map shows the
Northern Great Plains from the Missouri River west to Ft. Laramie in
present-day Wyoming and from Ft. Pierre south to Ft. Kearny on the
Platte River. To Warren, Dacota country meant the wide area inhabited
by the Sioux Indians, and he labels the map accordingly. The “Great
Sand Hills” of today’s central Nebraska are prominently
noted and several Nebraska landmarks on what became the Oregon Trail
appear, i.e., Court House Rock, Chimney Rock, and Scott’s
Warren shows the route of the expedition under the command of General William S.
Harvey up the Missouri River to Fort Pierre, overland to Fort
Kearney, up the North Platte to Fort Laramie, and then back to Fort
Pierre and finally to Sioux City. Dated stops along the route show
the progress of the trek. The map is also important for its depiction
of the earlier explorations of Long, Nicollet, Fremont, and
Stansbury, as well as for showing the tribal lands of the various
branches of the Dacotas, as well as the Ogalala, Ihanktonwan, Ponkas,
Omahas, Ottoes, and Missourias.
fascinating details, this is an outstanding large map featuring the
north-central region of the United States, just after the creation of
the Territory of Nebraska in 1854.
Graff, 4546; Howes, W118; Streeter, vol. V, no. 3133; Wagner-Camp,